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Last Update 14/11/2014


A:    prep. to as in "go a shop," from Spanish 
A DOOR:    outdoors 
A GO:    aux w/v. going to do, as in "Me a go tell him" 
ABLE:    able for, fit to cope "i aint able with he" 
ABOVE:    to the winward or western side 
ACCOMPONG:    n. name of Maroon warrior, Capt. Accompong, brother 
                        of Cudjo; also name of town. From the Twi name for 
                        the supreme deity 
ACID:    rum 
ACK:    act 
ACKEE:    n. African food tree introduced about 1778. From Twi 
                        ankye or Kru akee 
AFFECKIN':    affecting 
AFTER:    used in telling the time instead of past 
AFTERNOON          :    a euphemism for backside 
AGEN:    again 
AGONY:    the sensations felt during sex 
AH:    a 
AKS:    ask 
ALIAS:    adj. (urban slang) dangerous, violent 
ALDOH:    although 
ALL'S RIGHT:    for all right 
AMBRILLA:    Unbrella 
AN:    than 
ANETHUH:    another 
ARFRITIS:    arthritis 
ARMAGEDDON:    the biblical final battle between the forces of good 
                        and evil 
AS:    stress laid on means "as soon as" 
ASHAM:    n. Parched, sweetened, and ground corn. From twi osiam 
AUNTIE MAN:    a fussy, effeminate man 
AWAY:    abroad, Overseas "He comes from away" 
AX:    ask 


B'LEMMUH:    but let me 
B'LOOKA:    but look 
BABYLON:    1. the corrupt establishment, the "system," Church 
                        and State 2. the police, a policeman 
BACCHANAL:    big Party, noise do, confusion, heavy quarreling 
BACK:    again "This can use back" 
BACK BACK:    to go back 
BACK CHAT:    argumentative, insolent response 
BACKRA:    white person 
BAD:    good, great 
BAD BWAI:    (bad boy) 1. refering to a bold man; a compliment 
                        2. One who has committed a crime (rude bwai, ruddy, 
BAD LUCKY:    unlucky 
BAD MINDED:    evil minded 
BAD NASTY:    refers to bad health 
BADNESS:    hooligan behavior, violence for its own sake 
BAFAN:    clumsy; awkward 
BAFANG:    a child who did not learn to walk the 1st 2-7 years 
BAFF:    bath 
BAGGY:    underpants for a woman or child 
BAG-O-WIRE:    a betrayer 
BAKRA              :    white slavemaster, or member of the ruling class 
                        colonial days. Popular etymology: "back raw" (which 
                        he bestowed with a whip.) 
BALD-HEAD:    a straight person; one without dreadlocks, one who 
                        works for babylon 
BALMYARD:    n. place where pocpmania rites are held, healing is 
                        done, spells cast or lifted 
BAMBA YAY:    by and by 
BAMBOOZAL:    to confuse or con with smart talk. 
BAMBU:    rolling paper 
BAMMY:    a pancake made out of cassava, after it has been 
                        grated and squeezed to remove the bitter juice 
BANDULU:    bandit, criminal, one living by guile a BANDULU 
                        BIZNESS is a racket, a swindle 
BANGARANG:    hubbub, uproar, disorder, disturbance 
BANK:    to enjoy yourself on bank holiday "I hear you were out 
                        banking easter monday" 
BANKA, BUNKA:    a sore or injured foot or leg wrapped in bandages 
BANKRA:    a big basket, including the type which hangs over the 
                        sides of a donkey 
BANS:    from bands; a whole lot, a great deal, nuff, whole 
BARE:    nothing else 
BASHMENT:    party, dance, session 
BAT:    butterfly or moth. English bat, the flying rodent, is 
                        a rat-bat 
BATCHIE:    a batchelor 
BATH SUIT:    swim Suit 
BATTY:    bottom; backside; anus 
BATTYBWOY:    a gay person 
BAWLIN':    to be broke, without financial means 
BAYHOUSE:    a house by the sea-side rented by the month 
BAZOODEE:    drunk, giddy or shaken up. Also head over heels in 
                        love - as in Tootoolbay. 
BE CROAX!:    equivalent of "by christ" 
BE OUT:    without 
BEACH:    to kick a football high 
BEAST:    a policeman 
BEATING:    "Doctor, I got a beating in the head" - a bad headache 
BECAUSIN:    because 
BEEF:    to tie knots in clothing 
BEENIE:    little 
BEFO':    before 
BEFORETIME:    once upon a time 
BELLY HURT:    belly ache 
BELLYOLOGIST:    a glutton 
BELONKS:    belongs 
BELOW:    to the leeward or eastern side 
BELONKS:    belongs 
BEWZE:    abuse 
BEX:    vex (verb), or vexed (adjective) 
BHUTTU (BUHTUH)    :    an uncouth, out of fashion, uncultured person Use: 
                        Wey yu a go inna dem deh cloze? Yu fayva buttu 
BIDNESS:    business 
BIG BOUT YAH:    large and in charge.  Superlative indicating status 
                        (power, fame, money, talent, etc) within some social 
BIRDSPEED:    very fast 
BIRF:    birth 
BIRFRITE:    birthright 
BISCUIT:    cookie 
BISSY:    cola nut 
BITCH:    spoilt "The taylor completly bitched up my suit" 
BITE:    to itch "my toes biting me too bad" 
BLACK UP:    to blacken 
BLACK LEAD:    pencil 
BLAM:    slam (as in bang) 
BLEDDY:    bloody 
BLEND:    to join with someone in a financial enterprise 
BLIGE:    oblige 
BLINES:    curtains 
BLY:    chance, "must get a bly", "must get a chance" 
BOASIE:    adj. proud, conceited, ostentatious. Combination of 
                        English boastful and Yoruba bosi-proud and 
BOASIN TONE:    swollen penis or testicles 
BOBO:    a slight abrasion 
BOBO:    fool 
BODY:    a person "I didn't recongnise dat body was you" 
BOFE:    both 
BOLEFACE:    brazen 
BOTSY:    backside 
BOO:    applicable to flies swarming on some object 
BOONOONOONOUS:    meaning wonderful 
BOSIE:    old boy, fellow 
BOTSY:    backside 
BOUT:    trying to find ones way 
BOX:    To smack or to hit in the face 
BOXEY:    back side 
BRAA:    from BREDDA; brother 
BRAATA:    a little extra; like the 13th cookie in a baker's 
                        dozen; or an extra helping of food. In musical shows 
                        it has come to be the encore 
BRADARAX!:    echoism for sudden noise created when a light object 
BRAKES:    to avoid a situation or hide from someone. To back 
                        out of a vulnerable or uncomfortable position. 
BRAM:    a small party 
BRAM HOUSE:    a small dancehall 
BRASS UP:    a dressing down 
BREADFRUIT SWOPPER :    a cheap, ordinary sort of person 
BREAK FIVES:    expression for "Put It There" (shake hands) 
BREDREN:    one's fellow male Rastas 
BREAVE:    breath 
BREFF:    breath 
BREIF:    a begging letter 
BREK:    brake 
BRIDE:    no model for good behaviour 
BRINDLE:    to be angry 
BRING DOWN:    to cause unpleasantness 
BRINKS:    title given to a man who is supplying a woman with 
BROADWAY:    highway 
BRUDDER, BRUDDUH:    brother 
BRUGGADUNG!:    echoism for a sudden noise created by a falling object 
BRUSH OFF:    "We brush off now" means we aint friends no more 
BUBBIES:    females breasts 
BUBU:    fool 
BUCK UP:    meet 
BUCKY:    home-made gun 
BUD:    bird 
BUFU-BUFU:    fat, swollen, blubbery; too big; clumsy or lumbering 
BUGUYAGA:    a sloppy, dirty person, like a bum or tramp 
BULL BUCKA:    a bully 
BULLA:    a comon sugar and flour cookie or small round cake, sold everywhere in Jamaica 
BULLER/BULL:    a gay man 
BUM BY:    a corruption of "bye and bye" 
BUMBA CLOT,(TO GET) BUN to have one's spouse or girl/boy-friend cheat on 
                        oneself, to be cheated out of something 
BUMBO:    bottom; backside. A common curse word, especially in 
                        combination with CLOT (cloth), a reference to the 
                        days before toilet paper 
BUNG NAVEL:    a protruberant navel 
BUNGIN':    bounding 
BUNGO:    n. racially pejorative. Crude, black, ignorant, 
                        boorish person. From Hausa bunga-bumpkin, nincompoop 
BUNKS:    to knock or bump against, from "to bounce", BUNKS MI 
                        RES, catch my rest, take a nap 
BUPP:    to bump ones head on something 
BURYING:    a funeral 
'BUSE:    to use abusive language 
BUSINESS:    "That don't business me" that don't bother me 
BUSYLICKUM:    a busybody 
BUTT:    to get a Butt is to be on the receiving side of a 
                        Horn. to be cheated on by your loved one.  Usually 
                        followed by a state of Tabanca. 
BUTT OUT:    is used in directing someone to a place "Follow this 
                        street and you will butt out on the main road" 
BUTT UP:    to meet by accident 
BUTTY:    sandwich 
BWOY:    Boy 
BY:    used as a conjunction, since 


C'DEAR/CUH-DEAR:    exlamation used to denote sympathy 
C'N:    couldn't 
CAFFUFFLE:    to confuse 
CAHN:    for can't 
CALLALOU:    A spinach stew 
CARD:    to fool someone 
CARTOON:    used for carton 
CAST:    a handful 
CAST UP:    throw up, Vomit 
CATCH ONESELF:    the phrase of returning from day dreaming 
CATSPRADDLE:    spraddle 
CEASE & SEKKLE!:    stop everything and relax! 
CEPES:    (n.) - beard 
CERACE:    a ubiquitous vine used for boiling medicinal tea, and 
                        for bathing. It is proverbial for its bitterness 
CHA! or CHO!:    a disdainful expletive (1) pshaw! (2) very common, 
                        mild explanation expressing impatience, vexation or 
CHAKA-CHAKA:    messy, disorderly, untidy 
CHANT:    (v.) - to sing, especially cultural or spiritual songs 
CHAT, CHAT DOWN:    to engage a girl in flirtatious talk 
CHEAP:    just as cheap, just as well 
CHECK:    to stop, or to cause to stop 
CHEESE:    a fool, an idiot 
CHEESE ON!:    an expression for admiration 
CHIMMY:    chamber pot. 
CHINK:    bed bug 
CHINKY:    stingy, miserly 
CHIPS:    french Fries 
CHO:    very common, mild explanation expressing impatience, 
                        vexation or disappointment 
CHOOKA CHOOKA:    echo work for old motorcar 
CHOSSEL:    attractive member of the opposite sex 
CHRISTUNS:    christians 
CHUCK:    the rough push that is an invitation to a fight 
CHUCK UP:    variant of chock, very close to 
CHUH!:    denotes contempt or impatience 
CHUPSE, STUPSE:    to suck ones teeth as a sign of distrust or sulking 
CLAP:    hit, break, stride 
CLEAN OUT:    used to express early dawn 
CLOFF:    cloth 
CLOT:    1. cloth, an essential part of most Jamaican bad words, 
                        such as bumbo clot, rass clot, blood clot, etc. 
                        The essence of Jamaican cursing seems to be nastiness, 
                        rather than the blashemy or sexuality which is 
                        characteristic of the metropolitan countries.  2. to 
                        hit or strike - from the verb "to clout".  3. literally 
                        means a used tampon 
COCK LOFT:    a small bedroom in the upper storey of a house 
COCO:    a potato-like edible root, known elsewhere as the 
                        taro or the eddo  It was brought to Jamaica from the 
                        South Pacific This is completely distinct from cocoa, 
                        usually called chocolate 
COHOBBLEOPOT:    a stew composed of a variety of ingredients 
COIL:    money 
COLE:    cold 
COLLEGE:    secondary School 
COLLIE:    n. (urban slang) ganja 
COME DUNG:    come down, get ready (as to prepare to play a tune) 
COME EEN LIKE:    to seem as if; to resemble 
COME ROUND:    to give someone whats coming to them 
COME YAH (cumyu):    come here 
COMING:    expressing future time 
CONFUFFLE:    to intentionally confuse or make a fool of someone. 
CONTROL:    to be in charge of, responsible for, to own; to take 
COO 'PON:    v. (origin unclear) Look upon! 
COO YAH:    v. (origin unclear) Look here!  pay attention 
COOL OUT:    to sit and one's ease 
COOL RUNNINGS:    usually used at a time of departure on a long journey 
                        meaning have a safe trip 
COOLIE:    the traditional Jamaican pithet for East Indians. It is never used 
                        It is never used for Chinese Jamaicans usually in the 
                        form coolie-man or coolie-oman. It is not considered 
                        polite today anymore than the term nega, but it is 
                        still used widely in rural areas 
COONOO-MOONOO:    one who is very foolish or acts as such. 
COPYGOWCHIE:    a comical drawing a child might make 
CORK UP:    jammed, filled, crowded 
CORN:    1. marijuana 2. money 3. a bullet 
CORN:    to acquire in plenty "since he open de shop he 
                        corning the money" 
COTCH:    verb (cotch up), to support something else, as with a 
                        forked stick; to balance something or place it 
                        temporarily; to beg someone a cotch, can be a place 
                        on a crowded bus seat or bench; or it may mean to 
                        cotch a while, to stay somewhere temporarily 
COTTA:    a roll of cloth or vegetation placed on top of the 
                        head to cushion the skull from the weight of a head 
COURTING NUTS:    peanuts 
CRAB MASH:    to iron clothes badly 
CRAB:    aside from it's usual meaning, it is a verb meaning 
                        to scratch or claw 
CRAVATTIN':    coveting 
CRAVEN:    greedy 
CRIS:    crisp; popularly used for anything brand-new, slick- 
CRISSARS:    crisp, brand-new 
CROCUS BAG:    a very large sack made of coarse cloth, like burlap 
CROMANTY:    adj. from Corromantee, Blacks from the Gold Coast 
                        believed to be rebellious 
CROSS COMICAL:    applied to persons in the way of good-humoured abuse 
CROSSES:    problems, vexations, trials; bad luck, misfortunes 
CRUCIAL:    serious, great, "hard,", "dread" 
CRUEL:    angry, or, not to be messed with 
CUBBITCH:    covetous 
CUDJO:    n. name of famous Maroon warrior; mn born on Monday, 
                        from Fante, Twi kudwo 
CULTURE:    reflecting or pertaining to the roots values and 
                        traditions highly respected by the Rastas 
CUSS-CUSS:    a quarrel or fracas, with lots of cursing 
CUT:    a castrated animal is said to be cut 
CUT & CONTRIVE:    to inch and pinch 
CUT (ONES) EYES:    to avoid eye contact (to ignore) 
CUT YAI:    to cut your eye at somebody is a very common means of 
                        expressing scorn or contempt, for example; one catches 
                        the other person's eye, then deliberatly turns one's 
                        own eyes as an insult 
CUTE:    "I never see nobody look so cute" means that the 
                        person looks ridiculous 
CUTLASH:    a cutlass 
CUTS:    book illustrations 
CUTTER:    sandwich 
CUTTERS:    finger food, snack, hors d'ouveres 
CYAAN:    cannot, can't 


D.J.:    a person who sings or scats along with dub music, 
                        sometimes called "toasting" 
DAAL:    split peas, usually a thick soup, from Indian cuisine, 
                        from Hindi 
DADA:    father 
DALLY:    executive zig-zag movements on wheels or on foot to 
                        ride a bicycle or motorbike with a weaving motion, 
                        as when ones weaves around potholes 
DAN:    than 
DAN DADA:    the highest of DON'S 
DAN DAN:    a childs dress 
DARK EYES:    to be suffering from spells of dizzyness or faintness 
DARKERS:    sunglasses 
DARU:    rum 
DASHEEN:    a big soft yam-like root, often slightly greyish when 
                        cooked. It is related to the coco, but one eats the 
                        "head" instead of the tubers 
DAT, DAH:    that 
DAWTA:    a girl, woman, "sister," girlfriend 
DEAD:    a dead person, a corpse 
DEAD HOUSE:    a mortuary 
DEAD WOOD:    (the w is silent) = A man that can't perform sexually. 
DEADERS:    meat, meat by-products 
DEADIN':    dying 
DEAF BELL:    a ringing noise in the ear 
DEESTANT:    decent 
DEGE or DEGE-DEGE:    adjective, little, skimpy, measly, only, as in a two 
                        dege-dege banana 
DEH:    there (place) 
DEM:    them 
DENIS:    "If he takes a dislike to you, boy, yuh name denis" 
                        that is, you are in trouble 
DEPUTY:    mistress, other woman 
DERE:    there 
DESE:    these 
DESTROYFUL:    destructive 
DEY:    v. to be, exist, as in "No yam no dey". From Ewe de or 
                        Twi  de - to be 
DEY 'PON:    (aux. v.) - to be engaged in action or continuing 
DI:    the 
DIALECK:    dialect 
DIBBY-DIBBIES:    young women only interested in the latest fads 
DIG DOWN:    demolish 
DINKI:    a kind of traditional dance at funerals or "nine 
                        nights" ("set-ups"); now popular among school 
DIS or DIS YA:    this 
DISPATCH:    to serve a customer in a shop "dispatch me, i be 
                        waiting here for long" 
DISREMEMBER:    fail to remember 
DITE:    corruption of doit 
DJEW:    as a verb, rain a djew; as a noun, djew rain It means 
                        a light rain or drizzle 
DO FLICKY:    any small tool or gadget 
DOG DEAD:    an expression of finality 
DOGHEART:    a person who is especially cold and cruel 
DOH:    though 
DOLLY:    executive zig-zag movements on wheels 
DON:    one who is respected, master of a situation 
DONKYA:    from "don't care"; careless, sloppy, lacking ambition, 
DOMS:    dominoes 
DOONDOOS:    an albino 
DOOR MOUTH:    threshold 
DOTI:    earth 
DOWN, DOWN YONDER:    taken to mental hospital 
DOWNPRESSOR:    preferred term for oppressor 
DOWNTHE ISLANDS:    excursion to West End Islands and area 
DRAW:    to strike a match 
DREAD:    1. a person with dreadlocks 2. a serious idea or thing 
                        3. a dangerous situation or person 4. the "dreadful 
                        power of the holy" 5. experientially, "awesome, 
                        fearful confrontation of a people with a primordial 
                        but historically denied racial selfhood" 
DREADLOCKS:    1. hair that is neither combed nor cut 2. a person 
                        with dreadlocks 
DREADY:    a friendly term for a fellow dread 
DRESS DOWN/GEARED DOWN  dressed in the height of fashion, to move down in 
                        order to make room 
DROP:    a lift offered by motorists 
DUB:    a roots electronic music, created by skillful, 
                        artistic re-engineering of recorded tracks 
DUCK-ANTS:    white ants, or termites 
DUCK'S GUTS:    denoting in truble 
DUH:    they 
DUHSELF:    themselves 
DUKUNU:    sweet corn-meal dumplings boiled in wrapped leaves 
DUNCY, DUNCEY:    like a dunce 
DUNDUS:    an albino 
DUNGLE:    n. legendary West Kingston slum surrounding a garbage 
                        dump, now cleared: From English dunghill 
DUNS,DUNSA:    money 
DUPPY:    a ghost 
DUPPY AGENT:    undertaker 
DUST BOX:    waste paper bin 
DUTCHY:    dutch cooking pot, low round-bottomed heavy pot. 


EARLY:    the phrase "in the early" may be noted "we gotta put 
                        a stop to this in the early" 
EARF:    earth 
EARFQUAKE:    earthquake 
EASE-UP:    to forgive, to lighten up 
EASY HALL (LIVING AT    having no job, an idle life 
EDDICATION:    education 
EF:    if 
EFFIN:    a variand of if 
ELSEWHEY:    elsewhere 
EN:    am not, is not, are not 
ENT!??:    isn't that so 
EPCEP:    except 
ESS:    corruption of ace - the ess of spades / a varient of 
ETHUH:    other 
EVAH:    ever 
EVAHBODY:    everybody 
EVAHT'ING:    everything 
EVER SINCE:    a long time ago 
EVERYTING COOK & CURRY:  all is well, all is taken care of 
EXCEPT:    often used in conjunction meaning useless 
EXPENSE:    to cause expense 
EXPRESSIONS:    euphemistic term for bad language 


FAASTIE:    impertinent, rude, impudent 
FACK:    fact 
FADDUH, FATHUH:    father 
FAIF:    faith 
FALL (A)WAY:    to loose weight 
FALLA FASHIN:    copycat 
FAMILY:    often used to mean relative 
FAN:    "Don't  fan yourself about" is an injunction often 
                        given to those recovering from illness 
FAS':    to be fast with, meaning to be rude, impertinent, to 
                        meddle with sombody's business, to be forward, etc 
FASH:    occasionally used in its correct sense of bother or 
                        trouble "dont fash yourself" 
FASHION:    to mean, not in season 
FASSY:    eczema-like scratchy sores on the skin; also a verb 
                        meaning to cause oneself to be covered with fassy by 
FATHER GIVER:    to give the bride away 
FAVOUR:    "This child favours his father, nuh?" to resemble in 
FAYVA:    to favour, resemble, or look like; "fayva like" also 
                        means "it seems as if" 
FE:    the infinitive "to" as in "Have fe go" "a fe" Have to 
                        "fe dem" their 
FEE-E-R-T-Y-T-VOO:    a simpleton 
FEEL NO WAY:    don't take offense, don't be sorry, don't worry 
FENKY-FENKY:    (from finicky) choosy, proud, stuck-up. 
FENNEH:    v. to feel physical distress, pain. From Twi fene-to 
                        vomit; Fante fena-to be troubled; Lumba feno-to faint 
FETE:    party 
FI:    possessive. "fi me"-"mine" Can also mean "for" or "to", 
                        as in "I ha' fi", I have to Yu num fi du dat = You 
                        are not to do that 
FIESTY:    impudent, rude, out of order, cheeky 
FINGERSMITH:    a theif 
FINNY:    withered or deformed 
FIRE:    "Come lewwe fire one" - to have a drink 
FIRE RAGE:    a quarrel 
FIRST LIGHT:    tomorrow 
FIT:    when used of fruits and vegetables, it means ready to 
                        pick, full grown, though not necessarily fully ripe 
                        also means in good shape.  ("You haffe fit!") 
FITS:    to give anyone fits is to annoy or embarrass him 
FLIMS:    films 
FOLLER:    follow 
FOLLOW PATTERN:    imitative 
FOOFOOLOO:    someone who is in a love-sick situation. Or an 
                        extreme case of Tabanka. Also refers to a person who 
                        lets others walk all over him. 
FOR:    sort 
FORCERIPE:    precious 
FORENOON:    afternoon, never any period of time before noon 
FORR'NER:    foreigner 
FORTYLEG:    centipede 
FORWARD:    1. to go, move on, set out 2. in the future 
FRAZMA:    a confused state of mind 
FREENESS:    when something is obtained without cost 
FRETTIN':    getting upset 
FRICTION:    a safety match 
FRIENDSING:    holding hands, courting; as, "They have been 
                        friendsing a long time" 
FRONTA:    tobacco leaf used to roll herb 
FRUPSE:    something of no account "It isn't worth a frupse" 
FUCKERY:    wrong, unfair 
FUH:    for 
FUHGET:    forget 
FUHGIVE:    forgive 
FULLNESS,TO THE FULLNESS completely, absolutely, totally 
FUNDS:    money 
FUNNY UP:    odd, queer, contorted or deformed 
FURTHUH:    further 
FUSS BOX:    a fussy person 
FUSSY:    used with the negative to express lack of interest of 


G'LONG:    go along 
G'ROUN':    go around 
G'N:    going to 
GAAN TO BED:    an adverbial phrase; following a verb of liking or 
                        loving, it has a superlative meaning; can be used in 
                        any context, such as "I love hafu yam gaan to bed!" 
GALANG:    go along 
GALAVANTING:    going out or travelling. Usually applies to someone 
                        who is always going somewhere but not necessarily 
                        for any particular reason. 
GALLERYING:    showing off in front of others. 
GANJA:    herb, marijuana 
GANSEY:    t-shirt, any knit shirt 
GANSY, GARNSEY:    s wollen jersey 
GATES:    home, yard 
GEAR DOWN:    dressed up 
GEN:    pass tense of give 
GENERAL:    cool operator 
GET ON:    "just because you cant have your own way, look how you 
                        get on!" 
GI:    give 
GI'IN:    giving 
GIG:    spinning top 
GINE:    going "wey yuh gine?" 
GINNAL:    n. trickster, con-man, an Amnancy figure as in 
                        "Sunday ginnal"-a preacher or clergyman 
GIMMERIT, GIMMUH:    give it to me 
GITTIMA:    a gift 
GIVE OUT:    the housewife always gives out the dinner 
GLAMITY:    a woman's genitals 
GO:    (i) "Go away" - i dont beleive you, (ii) "is there 
                        anything to go by" - is there any rum to hand (iii) 
                        "He gone 'cross" - its all up with him (iv) "Those 
                        two batsmen gone down, boy" - two batsmen are well 
                        set (v) Gone down - eat quickly (vi) I gone - good 
GO FORWARDS:    sandals that have no heel strap; in such footware it 
                        is difficult to step backwards 
GOAT COLLECTION:    refers to a large collection of small coins 
GOAT HEAVEN:    a state of bliss 
GOAT MOUTH:    ill of luck 
GOBBLE:    gob of spittle 
GOD SPARE LIFE:    i'll see you tomorrow 
GOGGLE:    the adams apple 
GOOD:    (i) Extremly, (ii) accountable for no ones actions 
GORGON:    outstanding dreadlocks 
GRAVALICIOUS:    greedy, avaricious 
GRIG:    grain 
GRIND GINGER:    expressive phrase, denotes working oneself into a 
GRINDSMAN:    one who displays great prowess in bed 
GROG:    rum 
GROUNATION:    large, island-wide meeting and celebration of Rastas 
GROUND:    home, yard 
GRUMPUS BACK:    a surly person 
GUV'MENT:    gouvernment 
GUV'NUH:    governor 
GYPSY:    meddlesome, officious 


HABRA, DABRA AND THE CREW : Tom, Dick and Harry 
HACKLE:    to hassle, bother, worry, trouble. As a noun, hackling 
HAD NOT:    had it not been for 
HADJA BUCK:    an uncouth, ill-bred person 
HAFFI:    to have to... 
HAG:    to worry, harass or pester 
HAIL:    a greeting 
HALFIE:    half bootle (small bottle) 
HAND:    his entire arm "He got his hand broken just above the 
                        elbow" (same applies for foot) 
HAPPY DAYS:    a slang term for the breadfruit 
HARD:    excellent, proficient, skillful, uncompromising 
HARD EARS:    stubborn, doesn't listen 
HARE RABBIT:    a Hare 
HEAD:    "The women were heading the canes to the cart" - To 
                        carry a load on the head 
HEAD MAN JANCRO:    n. albino buzzard 
HEALF:    health 
HEALFY:    healthy 
HEART AFFECTION:    a heart condition 
HEETCH:    itch. Many such words could be listed under H, as 
                        initial H is added to scores of words at will. 
HEF(T):    to lift to judge the weight 
HEIGHT:    (i) "He wouldn't take my height" He wouldn't even 
                        notice me (ii) "Made height down the road" He ran at 
                        full speed down the road 
HELLION:    a wild fellow 
HENG:    hang 
HERB:    marijuana 
HEY:    here 
HI:    to be noted in comination with gee and whoa as "He 
                        won't hi, gee, nor whoa" i.e. he'll neither start, 
                        move on, nor stop 
HIEZ:    ears 
HIEZ-HAAD:    ears-hard, thick skulled, stubborn, unwilling or 
                        unable to hear 
HIFALUTIN:    naughty 
HIGGLERS:    higglers, who are primarly woman who buy and sell goods 
                        that they have imported into the country. Some 
                        higglers, however, do not make trips out of the 
                        country to buy goods, but sell the goods that others 
                        import.  The connection between higglers and dancehall 
                        culture is crucial as they form one of the strongest 
                        international links between JA, North America, and the 
HIND CLAW:    referring to some means of financial support other 
                        than one's recognised means of income 
HITEY-TITEY:    upper class, high tone, "stoosh" 
HOG THOMAS:    a ill mannered person 
HOLD STRAIN:    "Take it easy" 
HOMELY:    to be relaxed, comfortable, enjoying your home 
HOOD:    penis 
HOOT:    to make discomfort or pain "The mosquitoes made me 
                        hoot last night" 
HOP AND DROP:    "He walks hop and drop" with a limp 
HOPPING BALL:    tennis ball 
HORN:    to cheat on your loved one. To be unfaithful. This 
                        can cause Tabanca ! 
HORNIN:    committing adultery 
HORSPITTLE:    hospital 
HORSTILISH:    hostile 
HORTICAL (DON):    respected, acclaimed 
HOT-STEPPER:    fugitive from jail or gun court 
HOUSE CLEAR:    a little pale from lack of sunlight 
HUCJUM, HUKKUM:    how come, why? 
HUMBUG:    to annoy, nuisance 
HUMMUCH, HUMMUCHY:    how much 
HUSH:    shut up 


I:    replaces "me", "you", "my"; replaces the first 
                        syllable of seleted words (1) I and I, I&I: I, me, 
                        you and me, we Rastafari speech eliminates you, me we, 
                        they, etc., as divisive and replaces same with 
                        communal I and I. I and I embraces the congregation in 
                        unity with the Most I (high) in an endless circle of 
                        inity (unity) 
I-DREN:    (n.)- male Rastafarian 
IEZ:    ears 
IEZ-HAAD:    ears-hard, thick skulled, stubborn, unwilling or 
                        unable to hear 
IGNORANT:    an action that is rash or carefree, short-tempered, easy to vex, irate 
IG'RANT:    ignorant 
ILIE:    adj. literally, "highly", valuable, exalted, even 
I-MAN:    I, me, mine 
I-NEY:    a greeting 
INNA:    In the 
INNA DI MORROWS:    tomorrow 
I-REY:    1. a greeting 2. excellent, cool, highest 
ILE:    oil 
IRIE:    A Greeting. excellent, cool, highest adj. powerful 
                        and pleasing 
ISES/IZES/ISIS:    praises Praises to the almighty given by Rasta when 
                        calling on the name of Jah for strength and assistance 
                        for achieving progress in life 
I-SHENCE:    herb 
ISMS and SKISMS:    negative term denoting Babylon's classificatory 
I-TAL:    vital, organic, natural, wholesome; refers to way of 
                        cooking and way of life in colors, red, green and 
ITCH:    scrath (my back) 
ITES:    1. the heights 2. a greeting 3. the color red,  great 


JA, JAM-DOWN:    Jamaica 
JACKASS ROPE:    homegrown tobacco, twisted into a rope. 
JAH KNOW:    Lord knows 
JAH:    God; possibly derived as a shortened form of Jahweh 
                        or Jehovah 
JAMDUNG:    Jamaica, "Jam" to press down "dung" down. Ironic 
                        reference to social and economic conditions of the 
JAMMIN:    to be having a good time, to be dancing calypso/soca 
JANCRO:    n. literally John Crow, buzzard 
JANGA:    shrimp, crayfish 
JELLY:    a young coconut, full of jelly 
JENKINS:    mental hospital 
JINE:    join 
JON CONNU:    n. (John Canoe). Bands of elaborately masked dancers 
                        appearing around Christmas. They ressemble the 
                        ancestral dancers of West Africa, but the ety. of the 
                        word is unclear 
JOOK:    to pierce or stick, as with a thorn or a long pointed 
                        stick, to stab 
JUDGIN':    adjective, everyday or ordinary clothes or shoes worn 
                        in the yard or in the bush, as in "judgin' boot" Also 
                        as a verb, to judge, with a similar meaning 
JUS' NOW:    wait a minute, in a little while, whenever 
JUST NOW:    immediatley 
JUSTLY:    exactly 
JUU:    as a verb, rain a juu; as a noun, juu rain, it means 
                        a light rain or drizzle 


KALI; COOLY:    marijuana 
KALLALOO:    a dark, green leafy vegetable, very nutritious and 
KASS KASS:    n. quarrel or contention. From combination of English 
                        curse or cuss, and Twi kasa kasa-to dispute verbally 
KATA:    a roll of cloth or vegetation placed on top of the 
                        head to cushion the skull from the weight of a head 
KAYA:    see ganja 
KEEP:    "Stop keeping that noise" - stop making that noise 
KEEP MISS:    kept woman 
KEM:    deceive 
KEMPS:    a little bit, a tiny piece, from skimps 
KERNEL:    an enlarged gland in the groin 
KETCH UP:    grapple 
KIMBOES:    akimbo 
KIN TEET:    see kiss teet 
KISS ME NECK!:    common exclamation of surprise 
KISS TEET:    to kiss one's teeth or to suck one's teeth is to make 
                        the very common hissing noise of disappoval, dislike, 
                        vexation or disappointment 
KNOCK:    to knock around - hang around 
KNUCK, KNUCKA:    knuckle 
KOUCHIE:    bowl of a chalice or chillum pipe 
KRENG-KRENG:    an old-fashioned meat rack, hung up high over the 
                        fire to catch the smoke 
KU:    verb, look! 
KU DEH!:    look there! 
KU PAN:    look at 
KU YA:    look here! 
KU YU:    To say "Look at you." To the person you are refering 
KUMINA:    n. Ecstatic dance for the purpose of communicating 
                        with ancestors. From Twi akom-to be possessed and 
                        ana-by an ancestor 
KYA:    1. to care; "donkya", don't care, careless; "no kya" 
                        means no matter, as in "no kya weh im tun", no matter 
                        where he turns  2. to carry 
KYAAN:    can't 
KYAI:    to carry 
KYAN:    can 


LABA-LABA:    to chat, gab; gossip 
LABRISH:    gossip, chit-chat 
LACKEY, LACKY:    a subservient person 
LAGGA HEAD:    dumb acts as if you have no common sense. Stupid "yu 
                        dam Lagga head bud" 
LAMBSBREAD:    a form of high-quality marijuana 
LARGE:    respected 
'LARMER:    an alarmist 
LASH:    whipped 
LATED:    belated 
LAY BY:    "I'll see you after school lay by" - I'll see you 
                        after school this evening 
LEAD:    a lead pencil 
LEAVE:    "I was so busy, the bus left me" - I missed the bus 
LEGGO:    let go 
LEGGO BEAS':    wild, disorderly, like a let-go beast 
LEH:    let 
LEMMUH:    let me 
LENGF:    length 
LET ALONE:    to leave alone 
LET OFF:    pay out 
LICK:    To hit 
LICK MOUTH:    a gossiper 
LICKY-LICKY:    fawning, flattering, obsequious 
LIKE:    look like 
LILLY BIT:    little bit, tiny 
LIMBLESS:    shocked 
LIME OR LIMIN':    group of people hanging out, loafing, pleasure 
LIMER:    an idle person 
LIMESKIN:    a felt has seen its best days 
LION:    a righteous Dread, a great soul 
LITTLE MORE:    see you later 
LOCAL:    sometimes used  with refernece to a person or thing 
                        of no account 
LOOKA:    look at 
LOTTA:    a lot of 
LOW RATE:    to belittle 


MAAMA MAN:    a gay person, an effeminate man, a weakling 
MAAS:    n. from master or massa. Now freed from its class 
                        origin; a respectful form of address to an older man 
MACA:    thorn, prickle 
MACO/MACOSHUS:    one who likes to mind other people's business. 
MADDA:    mother 
MAFIA:    big-time criminals 
MAGA:    thin (from meagre) 
MAGA DOG:    mongrel 
MAGUFFY:    a person in authority 
MAIN GUARD:    central police station 
MAKING SPORT:    joking, playing around (verbaly) 
MAKIN STYLE:    showing off 
MAMAGUY:    to put someone on, to make fun of, to say things or 
                        make promises to another to make the other person feel 
MAMAPOULE:    a fussy, effeminate man 
MAMPI:    fat or overweight 
MANACLES:    chains 
MANNERS:    under heavy discipline or punishment. for example 
                        when Kingston is under "heavy manners", they have a 
                        curfew or call out the army 
MARINA:    a man's undershirt, guernsey; a tank-top style 
MARISH AND THE PARISH:   "Marish and the parish will be there" - everyone 
MAROON:    n. free black warrior-communities which successfully 
                        resisted British hegemony during eighteenth century 
                        and early nineteenth century. From Spanish 
                        cimmaron-untamed, wild 
MARRIEDIN':    getting married 
MAS:    masquerade 
MASCOT:    denoting inferior status 
MASH IT UP:    a huge success 
MASH UP, MASH DOWN:    destroy 
MASSIVE:    respected, used with LARGE to add emphasis 
MATEY:    mistress 
MATTIE:    close friends 
MAULSPRIG:    beat badly, thrash 
MEAN:    "How yuh mean?" - what do you mean? 
MEK:    make 
MEK WE:    let Us 
MENELIK, RAS:    n. Ethiopian nobleman who rallied his troops to 
                        resist Italian aggression. Defeated Italians at Adowa 
MINCEMEAT:    hamburger 
MIRACCALUS:    miraculous 
MOCKSPORT:    harmless banter 
MOCKSTICK:    a figure of ridicule 
MOLLY-BOOBY:    a nitwit 
MOOJIN:    an idiot 
MONKS:    among 
MORE TIME:    see you later 
MORPHY:    hermaphrodite 
MR. MENTION:    Talk of the town, originally talk of the females 
                        signifying someone with many female conquests 
MR. T:    the boss 
MUCH:    to make to much of, to caress, or fondle 
MUDDUH:    mother 
MUH:    my 
MURDERATION:    trouble, confusion 
MURRACLE:    miracle 
MUS MUS:    a rat 
MUSSEE:    must be 
MUSTER:    money is usually mustered, not saved 
MY BABY MOTHER/FATHER   the mother/father of my child 
MYAL:    n. a form of benign magic oposed to Obeah, hence 
                        myalman. From Hursa maye-wizard, person of mystic 


NABLE:    navel 
NAGAH:    n. pejorative for a black person 
NAGO:    n. Yoruba person, practice or language. From Ewe 
                        anago-Yoruba person 
NAH:    adv. will not. Emphatic as in "Me nah do that" 
NANA:    midwife; nanny or nurse 
NANNY GOAT:    "What sweet nanny goat a go run him belly" is a 
                        cautionary Jamaican proverb which translated means: 
                        What tastes good to a goat will ruin his belly. 
                        In other words - the things that seem good to you now, 
                        can hurt you later... 
NASH:    female genatalia 
NASTY:    to make nasty 
NATTY, NATTY DREAD, NATTY CONGO:   1. dreadlocks 2. a person with           dreadlocks 
NAZARITE:    Ancient Hebrew meaning to "separate", consecrated, set 
                        apart by choice and devotion 
NEFFIN:    nothing 
NEFFINARIAN:    a nobody or person of dubious morals 
NEIDER:    neither 
NEPSHA AND KIAH:    Tom, Dick and Harry 
NEW BRAND:    brand New 
NEXT:    other 
NICK:    to throw dice 
NIGHBERS:    neighbours 
NIYABINGHI:    1. "death to all black and white oppressors" 2. East 
                        African warriors who resisted colonial domination 3. 
                        large Rastafarian meeting and spiritual gathering 4. 
                        referring to orthodox, traditional Rastas 5. a variety 
                        of drumming 
NIYAMEN:    name for Rastas referring to Niyabinghi warriors of 
                        East Africa 
'NOUGHT:    a lot of 
NO TRUE?:    isn't it so? 
NOTCH:    don or top ranking badman 
NOW FUH NOW:    instantly, while you wait 
NOWHEY:    nowhere 
NUFF:    enough 
NUH:    added to an unanswered question 
NUH:    interrogative at end of sentence; literally, "Is it 
                        not so?" 
NYAM:    eat 
NYING'I-NYING'I:    nagging, whining 


OAR:    row 
OBEAH:    traditional African "science", relating to matters of 
                        the spirit and spirits, spells, divinations, omens, 
                        extra-sensory knowledge, etc 
OBSOCKY:    odd, conpicuous, deserving of ridicule 
OBZOKEE:    something that is unsightly in appearance. Out of 
O-DOKONO:    boiled maize bread 
OFFA:    of 
OH GEED!:    an expression used when there is an offensive smell. 
OHT FI:    about to, on the vergeof, as in "it hoht fi rain", it 
                        is about to rain, it looks like rain 
OL TALK:    chit-Chat, idle chatter 
ON' NEAT':    underneath 
ONCOUF:    uncouth 
ONE LOVE:    a parting phrase, expression of unity 
ONE SIDE:    aside 
ONE TIME:    right now, immediately 
ONE-ONE:    adjective, one by one, thus any small amount 
ONGLE:    only 
ONLIEST:    only 
OPETIN:    open 
OPINATED:    opinionated 
ORDINARY:    common, vulgar, unrefined 
OUT OUT:    to put out, extinguish 
OUTA:    out of 
OUTLORDED:    rude, good for nothing 
OUTMAN:    a bogey man 
OUTSIDE:    illegitimate (as outside child, outside woman) 
OVER:    in the plural, things left over 
OVERS:    to achieve another level of thinking usually better. 
                        to move on past a trivial and into a superior position. 
OWN WAY:    headstrong, or stubborn 


PAIPSEY:    unattractive appearance 
PAKI:    calabash, gourd 
PAFF:    path 
PANCART:    wheelbarrow 
PAPAA:    pawpaw, or papaya melon 
PARROR TOES:    toes turned inward when walking 
PARTLY:    almost 
PATOIS:    local dialect 
PATU:    owl 
PAYAKA:    heathen 
PEA EYE:    peep at 
PECK:    a pick, or pick axe 
PEEL-HEAD:    bald-headed, usually certain chickens or vultures 
PEENY, PINNY:    tiny 
PEENYWALLY:    a kind of large fire fly, actually a type of flying 
PEEONG:    someone who is addicted to something. 
PEER:    avocado pear 
PEGGERS:    teeth 
PERJOHNNY:    a poor white 
PERFICK:    perfect 
PERLIX AN' POMPASETT:    to show off 
PHENSIC:    JA equivalent to Tylenol, Excedrin, etc. 
PHOTUH:    photograph 
PICKY, PICKY HEAD:    brush haircut 
PICKY-PICKY:    1. finicky or choosy 2. Used of uncombed hair just 
                        starting to turn into dreadlocks 
PICONG:    ridicule 
PIK'ANT:    thorn, Sharp point 
PIKNY:    pickaninny, child 
PILOT:    pimp, procurer 
PINDA:    peanut 
PING PONG:    a small photograph 
PIPE:    tap 
PIRA:    a low wooden stool 
PISSTORATICALLY:    stage of drunkennes 
PITY-ME-LIKL:    a type of very tiny red ant whose bite is so hot and 
                        long-lasting it resembles a sting 
PIVVY:    denotoes the tiniest of degree of measurement 
PLAY BAD:    to be aggressive or rude 
PLAY PLAY:    make belive 
PLEG:    plague 
PO'GREAT POPPET:    pretentious person 
POCOMANIA, POCO:    christian revival, distinct drum rhythm 
POLYTRICKS:    politics (by Peter Tosh) 
POLYTRICKSTERS:    politicians (by Peter Tosh) 
POOCH:    backside 
POOMA:    old motorcar 
POPPET, POPPIT:    a laughing stock 
POPPY-SHOW:    from puppet show, it is used in the idiom, tek smadi 
                        mek poppy-show, which means to make fun of someone or 
                        shame them, making them look ridiculous. 
POT HOUND:    usually refers stray dog that probably is not of a 
                        specific breed or a dog that eats anything off the 
POUCH:    a tube 
POXY:    pocky 
'PRECIATE:    appreciate 
PRESS:    wardrobe 
PULL:    drawn 
PULL BULL:    to use your private car as a taxi in order to earn 
                        extra money. Also referred to as doing 'PH'. 
PULL DOWN:    bad row 
PUMP:    to get a free ride or drive 
PUM-PUM:    a woman's genitals 
PUNAANI or PUNNI:    a woman's genitals 
PUNISH:    to suffer 
PUNKSEY:    spunky 
PUPPALICK:    somersalt 
PURTY:    pretty 
PUSH BREADCART:    a euphemism to denote pregnancy 
PUSSY CLOT:    a curse word ref. to a woman's sanitary napkin 
PUTTIN' AWAY:    a preposition, meaning "except for", or "except" 
PYAA-PYAA:    sickly, weak; feeble, of no account 
PYAKA:    tricky or dishonest 
PYU:    from spew; verb used of running sores or anything 
                        similarly dripping or oozing 


QUASHIE            :    n. peasant, country bumpkin, coarse and stupid person; 
                        racial pejorative generic term for blacks; originally 
                        Twi name of a boy born on a Sunday 
QUIPS              :    1. nouns (from squips) a tiny piece or amount 2. verb, 
                        the Jamaican art of washing clothes making a "squips- 
                        squips" sound 


RAAFF:    to snatch something. To steal in a boldface manner. 
RAATID!:    a common mild expletive of surprise or vexation, as 
                        in "to raatid!".  It is likely a polite permutation 
                        of "ras", a la "gosh" or "heck" 
RAB:    rabble 
RACE:    to chase 
RAG UP:    to embarrass someone by chastising or reprimanding. 
RAHTID:    expression of surprise, or to be enraged. From 
RAM:    full up 
RAM GOAT:    slang for someone who deals with nuff ladies 
RANKING:    highly respected 
RAS CLOT,BLOOD CLOT:    curse words 
RAS or RASS:    backside, rump; a common curse is to rass! or rass 
                        clot! a title used by Rastafarians meaning "lord" or 
RASTA, RASTAFARIAN :    a follower of Marcus Garvey who worships the Almighty 
                        in the person of haile Selassie 
RAT:    a prostitute 
RAT-BAT:    bat, the night-flying rodent 
RATCHET:    a switchblade knife popular in Jamaica 
RAZZY:    shabby 
RED:    1. very high on herb 2. mulatto color 
RED EYE:    to want another persons belonging, envious. "You too 
                        red eye", meaning, you're too envious 
RED LEG:    a poor white 
REMEMBUH:    remember 
RENK:    1. foul-smelling, raw-smelling 2. out of order, 
                        impudent, as in a rank-imposter "Yu too renk!" 
REVERSE BACK:    cars are reversed back, animals back backed 
RHAATID:    a curse-exclamation, similar to "what the hell" 
RHYGIN:    adj. spirited, vigorous, lively, passionate with 
                        great vitality and force; also sexually provocative 
                        and aggressive. Probably a form of English raging 
RING JOINTED:    double jointed 
RIPPING IRON:    a jacket with a slit up the back 
ROCK STONE:    a stone of any size 
ROCKERS:    reggae music, reggae music as it is played today, 
                        the latest sound 
ROCKINENGINE:    a steam roller 
ROOTS:    1. derived from the experience of the common people, 
                        natural indigenous 2. a greeting 3. name for a fellow 
ROTI:    flat Indian pan breads 
ROYAL, (RIAL):    n. offspring of some other race and black, ass in 
                        "Chiney-Rial," "coolie-rial"; humorous as in 
RUDE BOY:    a criminal, a hard hearted person, a tough guy 
RUMMIE:    a drunkard 
RUN-DUNG:    food cooked in coconut juice, obtained after grating 
                        the dry coconut meat and squeezing it in water, thus 
                        extracting the coconut cream 
RUNNING BELLY:    diarrhea 
RUSH:    to have a crush on a girl 
RYAL:    royal 


SAL:    pal 
SALT:    adjective, broke, empty-handed, low on funds or food, as in "tings salt" or "i' salt" 
SAL'TING:    1. dishes cooked with saltfish or meat 2. that part of 
                        the meal which is served with the "food" (starchy 
                        food, ground food) 3. by some strange extension, the 
                        female organ, often simply called "sal" 
SAM COW AND THE DUPPY:   Tom, Dick and Harry 
SAMBO:    the colour between brown and black; someone who is a 
                        cross between a mullatto (brown) and a black 
SAMFAI MAN:    trickster, conman 
SANFI:    A manipulator - dishonest person. A person that will 
                        sweet talk you out of love and money. "Dam Sanfi 
SANKEY:    n. religious song of a paticularly lugubrious tone, 
                        sung in the long or common meter. From Ira David 
                        Sankey, evangelist and hymnalist 
SARDUH:    saturday 
SATA:    to rejoice, to meditate, to give thanks and praise 
SATTA:    sit, rest, meditate, relax 
SCIENCE:    obeah, witchcraft 
SCIENTIST:    occult practitioner 
SCOOPINICKIE:    a small child 
SCOUT:    denoting inferior status 
SCREECHIE:    to sneak by 
SCREW:    to scowl, to be angry 
SECCATERRY:    secretary 
SECOND:    close friend 
SEE THROUGH:    white rum 
SEEN:    I understand, I agree 
SEEN?:    Do you understand? 
SEX:    party or associate "I aint no sex with you" 
SHAG:    home-cured tobacco, straight from the field. 
SHAKE OUT:    leave without haste, casually 
SHAKE(A) HAND:    wave 
SHAMPATA:    n. sandal of wood or tire rubber. Span. zapato 
SHE SHE:    effeminate man 
SHEG (UP):    verb, to bother, as in "all sheg up", all hot and 
                        bothered, or or spoiled up (as of work) 
SHEG-UP:    to be messed up, ruined 
SHELL:    to drive or run fast "He went down the road shelling" 
SHEPHERD:    n. leader of revivalist cult; also proprietor of 
                        balmyard, healer and prophet 
SHINNAVERICKS:    a term of endearment 
SHOOB:    to shove 
SHOULDA:    should have 
SHUB:    shove 
SHUNNA-FOOT:    knock-kneed 
SIDDOWN:    sit down 
SIDUNG:    sit down 
SIGHT?:    do you understand? 
SIH:    see 
SINKL-BIBLE:    the aloevera plant 
SINSEMILLA, SENSIE:    popular, potent, seedless, unpollinated female strain 
                        of marijuana 
SINTING:    something 
SIPPLE:    slippery; slimy 
SISTER, SISTREN:    a woman, a friend, woman Rastafarians 
SITTIN':    something 
SIZE:    with the adverb up, to move up 
SKANK:    to dance to reggae music, to move with cunning, 
                        ulterior motives 
SKIL:    kiln, as in "limeskil" 
SKIN:    rolling paper 
SKIN YOUR TEETH:    smile 
SKYLARK:    to make a joke of something or a situation that may 
                        be serious. 
SLABBA-SLABBA:    big and fat, slobby, droopy 
SLACKNESS:    lewd, vulgar lyrics popular in DJ singing 
SMADI:    somebody 
SMALL BONES:    a woman making small bones is pregnant 
SMALL ROOM:    rest room 
SMOOD:    smooth 
'SOCIATE:    associate 
SOCIET:    "Me and him don't societ" - dont associate 
SOFT:    not well done, amateurish; unable to cope, broke, no 
SOMETIMEISH:    describes a moody or unpredictable person. 
SOON COME:    wont be long 
SO-SO:    only, solely, unaccompanied. weak, pallid 
SOULCASE:    the human body 
SOULIE:    my dear 
SOUNDBWOY:    usually a derogatory way to refer to the selecter or 
                        other personality in another sound system. This term 
                        is most often employed in clashes, on dub plates 
                        built for clashes, and so on. Sometimes it is not 
                        used in such a negative manner, but most of the time one 
                        refers to the someone in the crew as a soundman, not a boy 
SPAR:    chum or pal 
SPELL:    to beg for some favour 
SPILE:    spoil 
SPRANKSIOUS:    frisky, lively 
SPRING:    to sprout, as of yams or cocos, making them inedible 
STANNIN':    standing 
STRICKLY:    strictly 
STUPE:    fool, idiot 
SQUULCH:    squelch or squash 
STAR:    common term of affection, camaraderie 
STEP:    to leave, to depart, briskly, quickly 
STOMACH BONE:    chest 
STOOSH/STOSHUS:    upper class, high tone, "hitey-titey" 
STOP BRAM:    stop dead 
STRAND UP:    reduced to strands or shreds 
STRING UP:    a muscial rehearsal 
STRUCTURE:    body, health 
STUMP:    stub 
SUFFERER:    a poor person stuggling to survive 
SUMMUCH:    so much 
SUNDUH:    sunday 
SUPM, SINTING:    something 
SU-SU:    gossip, the sound of wispering 
SWEET TO BADD:    real fine 
SWEETIES:    candies 
SWEETSKIN-BUCKY:    a flashy dresser 
SWING:    turn 
SWINGE:    singe 
SWIPE:    pinch, pilfer 


TABANCA:    In a love sick state. Describes how someone feels 
                        after being cheated on by their loved one . 
TACK:    bullet 
TACK BACK:    turn around 
TACUMAH:    n. character in Anancy tales. Said to be the son of 
                        Anancy. Twin'ticuma 
TAKARI/TANKARI:    stewed spicy pumpkin 
TAKE BACK:    to overtake 
TAKE IN:    to be taken ill suddenly 
TALL:    long 
TALL UP:    very tall "He was a big, tall up man" 
TALLOWAH:    adj. sturdy, strong, fearless, physically capable 
                        From Ewe talala 
TAM:    deep woolen hat, used by Dreads to cover their locks 
TAMBRAN SWITCH:    n. a flail made from the wiry branches of the Tamarind 
                        tree, braided and oiled. Effective and much feared in 
                        the hands of Babylon 
TAMBRIN:    tamarind 
TAN':    to stand; usually used in the sense of "to be" "A so 
                        im tan", "that is what he is like"; "tan deh!" or "yu 
                        tan deh!" means "just you wait!"  "Tan tedy", stand 
                        steady, means "hold still" 
TANTALISE:    anger 
TARRA-WARRA:    a polite way of expressing omitted bad words, a verbal 
TATA:    n. father. Affectionate and respectful title for an 
                        old man. Fram many african languages. Ewe, Ge, 
TATU:    a little thatched hut, often made of bamboo 
TECHIN':    touching 
TEET':    teeth 
TEETH:    bullets 
TEIF:    a theif, to steal 
TEK:    take 
TELEVIJUN:    television 
TELL:    say 
THE I:    (pron.) -you, yourself, yours 
THE PUBLIC:    usually, the government 
THENK:    thank 
THRU':    because 
T'IEFIN':    thieving 
TILTMAN:    man on stilts 
TING:    thing 
TIP:    a small portion 
TOAST:    (v.) - to rap or sing spontaneously over a dub track 
TO-DO-MENT:    to do 
TOE JAM:    foot fungus that smells on unclean feet. 
TOOF:    tooth 
TOOK:    crude musical sound 
TOONKINS, TOONKUNS:    terms of endearment used to a child 
TOOTOOLBAY:    In a confused state or in a daze because of love. 
                        similar to Bazodee. 
TOPANORIS:    uptown snobby person 
TOTO:    coconut cake 
TOUCHOUS:    touchy 
TRACE:    to curse or speak abusively to someone 
TRANSPORT:    vehicle 
TRILDREN:    children 
TRINI TERRIER:    mongrel, mixed breed of dog 
TRIMBLE:    tremble 
TROOF, TROOT:    truth 
TUMPA:    from stump, as in "tumpa-foot man", a one-foot man 
TUMMUCH:    too much 
TUN:    turn 
TUNTI:    female organ 
TURRBLE:    terrible 
TWANG:    accent 


UNNA:    wanna 
UNO/UNU:    you-all. pron. you, plural. In usage close to 
                        Afro-American y'awl. From Ibo unu, same meaning 
UM:    it 
UPFUL:    postitive, encouraging 
UPHILL:    positive, righteous 
UPTOWN:    the upper classes

VANK:    (v.) - to vanquish, conquer 
VEX:    to get angry 


WA DAY:    adverbial phrase, the other day. 
WA MEK?:    why? 
WAE:    exclamation of pain 
WAITER:    a tray or salver 
WAKL:    wattle, a kind of woven bamboo work used to make 
                        house walls 
WANGA-GUT:    hungry-belly 
WARES:    kitchen ware 
WARRA-WARRA:    politely omitted bad words, same as "tarra-warra" 
WAS:    frequently inserted after 'had' 
WASH:    to denote a great number 
WEALF:    wealth 
WED:    past tense of weed 
WEE:    ours 
WEE WEE:    tiny 
WEED:    an expert 
WENCHMAN:    a kind of fish, "hail brother john, have you any 
                        wenchman?" (from "Row Fisherman Row") 
WESELF:    ourselves 
WHAFEDOO:    we'll have to (make) do or we'll have to deal with it 
WH'APPEN?:    what's happening? 
WHATLEF:    What's left over 
WHEELS:    vehicle 
WHEY:    where 
WHEYEVER:    wherever 
WHOLE HEAP:    a lot 
WH'SIDE:    which Side? 
WID, WIF:    with 
WIDOUT, WIFOUT:    without 
WIFSTAN':    withstand 
WINDBALL:    tennis ball 
WINE:    "wine" appears in every West Indian dialect, and is 
                        literally a corruption of "wind." It means to dance, 
                        sometimes seductively 
WINJY:    thin and sickly looking 
WIS:    vine, liana, from withe 
WISH:    want 
WIZZY WIZZY:    whispering 
WOLF:    a non-rasta deadlocks 
WOOD:    penis 
WORDSMIFF:    a person with an impressive vocabulary 
WOULDA:    would have 
WUF:    worth 
WUH:    what 
WUHEVER:    whatever 
WUK:    work 
WUK-UP:    a dance, normally to soca 
WUN:    won't 
WUNNA:    all of you 
WUNNA:    unna 
WUNTA:    wouldn't have 
WURF:    worth 
WUSS:    worth 
WUTLISS:    worthless 


YA:    hear, or here 
YA NO SEE IT?:    you know? 
YABBA:    a big clay pot 
YAGA YAGA:    dancehall slang. a way to big up a brethren; to 
                        express a greeting or attract attention, i.e. yo! or 
                        yush! true friend; bonafide; brethren 
YAHSO:    here (place) 
YAI:    eye 
YAM:    to eat ravenously 
YARD:    home, one's gates, tenement 
YOOMAN:    human 
YOOMANITY:    humanity 
YOUF:    youth 
YOUTH:    a child, a young man, an immature man 
YUH:    your 
YUHSELF:    yourself 
YUSH:    Yush talk is bad boy talk. Or it can be a way of 
                        saying "YO". In other words it is a way for rude boys 
                        to hail each other up

ZION:    Ethiopia, Africa, the Rastafarian holy land 
ZUNGU PAN:    zinc pan
"Me come yah fi drink milk, me no come yah fi count cow!" 
(Deliver that which you promised, don't just talk about it!)
"Carry Go Bring Come" (gossip)
"A so im tan" (that is what he is like) 
"tan deh!" or "yu tan deh!" (just you wait!) 
"Tan tedy", stand steady, means "hold still".
Bunks Mi Res (catch my rest, take a nap)
"yu dam Lagga head bud" (stupid)
"What sweet nanny goat a go run him belly" is a 
cautionary Jamaican proverb which translated means: 
What tastes good to a goat will ruin his belly.  In 
other words - the things that seem good to you now, 
can hurt you later...
"tek smadi mek poppy-show", which means to make fun of 
someone or shame them, making them look ridiculous.
"You too red eye" (meaning, you're too envious)
Ya No See It? (you know?)
"the gal come wine up on me," it would mean that the girl came and was 
dancing up on me.
"Chicken merry; hawk deh (is) near", it's a Jamaican 
 proverb which simply means,  every silver lining has its dark cloud 
Even in the happiest times one must still be watchful.
"Fire de a Mus Mus tail, him tink a cool breeze". Set a Rat's tail 
on fire and he's thinks there's a cool breeze. Used to describe 
someone or something (the system for example) that is clueless. 
 This characterizes the delusional complacency of the upper classes.
"Me bleach hard lass night" 
 i partied straight through the night.
"A promise is a comfort to a fool".
"coo pon dat bwoy", "look at that boy"
"I no come to hear about how horse dead an' cow fat" 
 It's like telling somebody to knock off with irrelevant details.
"Me throw me corne but me no call no fowl" 
It evokes the image of a farmer silently scattering who is 
saying, in effect: "Don't call yourself a chicken just because you eat my 
feed; I never said I was endeavoring to feed the chickens." That is, "You 
are who you show yourself to be, not who you might say you are."
"Sorry for maga dog, maga dog turn round bite you". This metaphor extends 
very well to all manner and sort of do-gooding and should be considered before 
any hasty acts of charity!
"Mi throw mi corn, but me no call no fowl". refers to the conversational 
technique of throwing out a provocative statement (throw corn) in an indirect 
manner, thus forestalling any accusations of personal insult.
"Sweet nanny goat have a running belly". It's a barnyard analogy akin to the 
grass is always greener, but much coarser, noting that the sweet foliage avidly 
sought out by the nanny goat gives it diarrhea (running belly). It's a blunt 
way of warning someone off temptation.
"cock mouth kill cock" really can't be expanded upon any further, nor can the 
similar "If a fish coulda keep him mout' shut, him would neva get caught".
"Everyting Crash". The topic is social chaos. Also, "come bad in de morning 
can't come good a evenin'", and the even more pessimistic "every day bucket 
go a well, one day di bucket bottom mus drop out".
"Wanti wanti can't get it, getti getti no want it", i.e., the Have-nots covet 
what the Haves take for granted.
"Trouble no set like rain", that is, unlike bad weather, we are often not 
warned by dark clouds on the horizon.
Jamaican proverbs consistently counsel patience and forebearance, as in the 
beautiful image "time longer than rope". The child must "creep before him 
walk". And remember, "one one coco fill up a basket", take it easy and fill 
up your shopping basket one item at a time.
"Every mikkle makes a muckle", refers to thriftiness, similar to "a penny 
saved is a penny earned".
"No cup no broke, no coffee no dash wey". Even if disaster strikes your home it's always possible 
that all may not be lost.
"Heart No Leap", "See and Blind". These sayings are similar to "hear no evil, 
 see no evil".
"mi come here fi drink milk, mi noh come here fi count cow". A remimder 
to conduct business in a straightforward manner.
"The higher the monkey climbs the more him expose". A truly comic image if 
you've ever been to the zoo, and comforting to any of us whose backs have been 
used as a stepping-stone for someone else's success.
"A new broom sweeps clean, but an old broom knows every corner". A profoundly witty statement that sums up any 
number of current situations, including the state of today's music.
"dry land tourist". A Jamaican who's never been off the island but still 
acts like a big shot.
"no one cyaan test" . no one can compete with.
"Mi a-go lef today". "I am leaving today"
"Im too hard of Aise". "He/She is too hard of ears"
"Him is badda than dem" "No badda mi". "He is worse than they are" "Don't bother me" (25)
"Is bare dog down inna that yard". "Is only dogs in that yard"
"No badda bawl im soon come back". "Don't bother crying he'll soon be back
"Dat is fe mi bredda". "That is my brother"
"The chuck need tree new tyres". "The truck will need three new tire"
"Cuyah, she gwan like she nice eee". "Look at that, she acts like she is so nice"
"Choble nuh nice" "Yuh ina big choble". "Trouble is not nice" "You are in big trouble"
"Did yuh see dat?" "A who dat?" "Did you see that" "Who is that"
" Yuh no dun yet?". "You have not finished yet?"
" Is the dutty duppy man dweet". "The dirty ghost do it"
"Ef yuh choble him 'im me a-go hit yuh". "If you trouble him I am going to hit you"
"All a dem a me fambly". "All of them are my family"
" Yuh too fass and Facety". "You are too inquisitive and fresh"
"Galang bout yuh business". "Go along about you business"
"Mi back a hat mi". "My back is hurting me"
"An a jus Lass nite mi dideh". "And it was just last nigh I was there"
"Lef mi Nuh". "Leave me alone."
"Tek de neegle an sow de piece of clawt". "Take the needle and sow the piece of cloth"
"How yuh nyam so much". "How do you eat so much."
"Is Mr Garden pickney dem". "It is Mr. Gordon children."
"Mi would rada you talk to mi" 
Translation : "I would rather you not talk to me"
"Tandy tink sey im a-go help you." "Stand there thinking he is going to help you."
"Tek you time an mine it bruk". "Take your time, you might break it."
"Wat a liiv an bambaie" Leftovers put aside to eat tomorrow (What is left for 
by-and by).
"gone a foreign" Gone abroad (from Jamaica)
"like mi a go maas" chil out
"gwaan go maas" go cool yourself
"mi a maas a money" (or item), it means you're going to 
put it away or put it one side
"Every hoe ha dem stick a bush."  The meaning of all that is "to each his own" 
It literally translates that for every size hoe there is a stick that size in 
the bush (or forest) for it.  In JA theyuse tools similar to garden hoe. They 
use it to make yam hill - we use it to make path.  There are different sizes 
for different chores.  So it can also mean that there is someone out there 
for everyone.
"tan so back"  (stand so back)  laid back
"a peer rumors ah gwan"  "Its pure rumors that are going on" in other words 
"Its all only rumors that's being spread"
"did deh deh" "I was there"
"Im sey dat yuh was to bring ting" "He or She said you were to bring the 
"Sumody tell mi sey yuh dida talk bout mi" "Somebody told me you were talking 
 about me."
"Unnu can come wid mi" "You all can come with me."
"I dey 'pon haste" - "I am in a hurry" 

Africa - Ifrica
Ancient - Incient
Alright/Good - Irie
Banana - Inana
Bible - Ible
Brethren -Idren
Contact - Itact
Content - Itent
Considderation - Isidderation
Conversion - Iversion
Community - Imunnity
Creation - Iration
Desire - Isire
Ethiopia - Itiopia
Everlasting - Iverlasting
Everyone - Iveryone
Forever - ForIver
Greeting - Iney
Hights -Ites
Herb - Ishence
Highly - Ily
History - Istory
Hour/Time - Iwah
Human or Me - Iman
Important - Iportant
Mango - Igo
Manifest - Inifest
Me/You -Iyah
Meditation - Iditation
Outstanding - Istanding
Praises - Ises
Reality - Irality
Respect - Ispect
Revolution - Ivolution
Unity - Inity
Universe - Iniverse
Vital - Ital
We, You, Me, He, She, Us, Them, Those, Thy, I - InI

Other words

Backward - Forward
Dedication - Livication
Diet - Liveth
Hello - Greetings/Blessed Love
Helpful - Upfull
Jamaica - Jahmekya
Oppression - Downpression
Politics - Politricks
Police - babylon
Respect - Raspect
Understand - Overstand

I Words
(used by Rastafari)